Effects of Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) of 810 nm upon in Vitro Growth of Bacteria: Relevance of Irradiance and Radiant Exposure

 

Efecto del laser con 810 nm en bacterias in vitro

 

Ethne L. Nussbaum, PhD, MEd, BScPT
Rehabilitation Services, Mount Sinai Hospital and Department of Physical Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Lothar Lilge, PhD
Ontario Cancer Institute and Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Tony Mazzulli, MD, FRCPC
Toronto Medical Laboratories/Mount Sinai Hospital Department of Microbiology, and Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

 

 

 

 

 

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Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the irradiance-dependency of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) effects on bacterial growth. Background: LLLT is applied to open wounds to improve healing; however, its effect on wound bacteria is not well understood. Materials and Methods: Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus were irradiated using a wavelength of 810 nm at irradiances of 0.015 W/cm2 (0-50 J/cm2) and 0.03 W/cm2 (0-80 J/cm2). Bacteria were counted after 20 h of incubation. Results: LLLT effects varied significantly with species. P.aeruginosa growth decreased overall dependent on an interaction of irradiance and radiant exposure; greatest inhibition was produced using high irradiance delivering radiant exposures in the range of 1-20 J/cm2 (p = 0.001-0.04). In contrast, E. coli growth increased overall (p = 0.01), regardless of irradiance; greatest effects were produced using low radiant exposures (1-20 J/cm2). There was a main effect for irradiance (p = 0.03) on S. aureus growth; however, growth was not different compared with controls. Additional analysis showed that there were differences in growth of P.aeruginosa when comparing samples that were matched by exposure times (66, 329, 658, 1316, 1974, and 2632 sec) rather than radiant exposure; this suggests that irradiance rather than exposure time was the significant factor in P. aeruginosa inhibition. Conclusion: These findings have immediate relevancy in the use of LLLT for infected wounds. Exposure to 810-nm irradiation (0.03 W/cm2) could potentially benefit wounds infected with P. aeruginosa. However, increased E. coli growth could further delay recovery.

 

Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus
LLLT
Low level laser
exposure
decrease growth